Turkey weather does not have a uniform, as it is comprised by several diverse regions, each characterized by different climates. Most of Turkey has a sunny climate even during winter, with the Black Sea coast being an exception. Average daily sunshine amounts range from 3 to 4 hours in winter to 12 to 13 hours during summer.
Turkey weather on the coast is in contrast with the one inland. Along the Aegean and the Mediterranean coasts, the winters are cool and rainy and the summers are hot and moderately dry. Furthermore, the precipitation in these areas varies from 580 to 1.300 in a year. The Black Sea coast receives an average of 1,400 mm of precipitation annually and it is the only region in Turkey that rainfall occurs throughout the year.
Turkey weather is not affected by the Mediterranean influences, as these are prevented by the mountains close to the coast. Turkey weather is characterized by a continental climate with distinct seasons. The Anatolian Plateau has thus more extreme weather conditions than the coastal areas. The winters on there are particularly severe, with temperatures of -30°C to -40°C occurring in the mountainous areas and snow remaining on the ground for 120 days during a year.
In the west, during winter the average temperature is usually below 1°C, while the summers are hot and dry, with temperatures above 30°C. Annual rainfall here averages about 400 mm, with actual amounts determined by elevation. May is usually the wettest month while July and August are the driest months.
The weather of the Anti-Taurus Mountain region of eastern Turkey is quite uncomfortable throughout the year, as summers tend to be extremely dry and hot, while winters can be very cold with frequent and heavy snowfall. Spring and autumn are normally mild, however during both seasons the weather can be attacked by sudden hot and cold spells at any time. This is the hottest and driest area of Turkey, as the region is a semi-arid steppe with rainfall occurring only during winter.
Turkey weather is thus characterized by considerable differences from one region to another. The coastlands and mountain slopes on the Black Sea, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean have wetter and milder winters than inland.
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